Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution
Fundamental Duties is one of the important section of Indian Constitution. The Fundamental duties act as an moral obligation on the citizens to help build and promote patriotism and unity in the country . These duties and provisions are set out in Part IV of the Constitution (Article 51A). The principles included under this is are based on the fundamental guidelines for the governance of that State. It helps in passing law and framing policies. Initially these duties were not incorporated in our Constitution. Fundamental Duties was added by 42nd amendment act and was amended by 86th Constitutional Amendment act.
There are 11 Fundamental Duties under Article 51A of our Constitutions for citizens of the country, they are as follows;
- To abide by and respect the Constitution, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals of the freedom struggle.
- To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
- To defend the country and render national service when required.
- To promote common brotherhood and establish dignity of women.
- To preserve the rich heritage of the nation’s composite culture.
- To protect and improve natural environment.
- To develop scientific temper, humanism and spirit of inquiry.
- To safeguard public property and adjure violence.
- To strive for excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.
- It shall be duty of every citizen of India who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward as the case may be, between the age of 6 and 14 years (Added by 86th Amendment 2002).